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10 Hormones Responsible For Weight Gain and Ways to Avoid It

You wonder why you don’t lose weight while you are on a diet and so on. You definitely need to know these things

Weight gain is often associated with overeating, but the cause can also lie in various hormones that are associated with weight control.

Although gaining weight is easy, losing it is hard work. Various other factors such as stress, age, genes, and improper lifestyle choices can cause hormonal imbalances leading to obesity.

There are 9 hormones that cause hormonal imbalances in the body that lead to weight gain. Today we will tell you what are the hormones that make us gain weight, as well as how we can control them.

1. Thyroid hormones

The thyroid gland is located at the base of our neck. It produces the hormones T3, T4, and calcitonin, which are responsible for maintaining the body’s metabolism. Inadequate production of these hormones leads to hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism is often associated with weight gain, mainly due to the accumulation of water in the body rather than fat, which makes a person look plump.

How to avoid it:

  • Consume iodized salt.
  • Eat well-cooked foods and avoid raw vegetables.
  • Take vitamin D supplements.
  • Eat foods rich in zinc, such as oysters and pumpkin seeds.

2. Insulin

Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas. It helps transfer glucose to the cells for use as energy or for storage as fat, thus maintaining blood glucose levels. Excessive consumption of processed foods, junk food, alcohol or artificially sweetened beverages can lead to the development of insulin resistance.

This leads to the fact that muscle cells do not recognize glucose-bound insulin, as a result of which glucose remains in the blood. This causes a rise in blood sugar, which leads to weight gain and type 2 diabetes.

How to avoid it:

  • Eat green leafy vegetables, seasonal fruits, and seasonal vegetables.
  • To increase the level of omega-3 fatty acids, eat oily fish, nuts, olive oil, and flaxseed.
  • Drink at least 4 liters of water every day.
  • Start training at least 4 hours a week.
  • Avoid alcohol, late-night snacks, fizzy, and artificially sweetened drinks.

3. Cortisol

Cortisol is a hormone produced by the adrenal glands when you are depressed, anxious, stressed, nervous, irritable, or physically disabled. Its main function is to reduce stress by raising blood sugar, suppressing the immune system, and promoting the metabolism of fats, proteins, and carbohydrates.

But given our often improper lifestyle, our body can be in a state of constant stress, which leads to the fact that the secretion of cortisol harms our overall health, promoting the deposition of visceral fat and stimulating the maturation of fat cells.

How to avoid it:

  • Sleep at least 8 hours every night.
  • Avoid processed foods, fried foods, and alcohol.
  • Practice deep breathing, yoga, and meditation for at least one hour every day. This helps reduce stress levels.
  • Spend time with your family and close friends. There is no better way to relax!

4. Testosterone

Testosterone is often considered a male hormone, but it is also excreted in women. It helps burn fat, strengthens bones and muscles, and improves libido. Age and high stress can lead to significant reductions in testosterone levels in women, leading to loss of bone density, loss of muscle mass, and obesity.

How to avoid it:

  • Do regular workouts. This helps to improve testosterone levels.
  • Avoid alcohol.
  • Consume protein supplements.
  • Include high-fiber foods such as whole grains, pumpkin seeds, and flaxseed in your diet.

5. Progesterone

Progesterone and estrogen levels must be balanced in the body for it to function properly. Progesterone levels can fall for many reasons, such as stress, the use of birth control pills, menopause, and more. This can lead to weight gain and depression.

How to avoid it:

  • Exercise regularly.
  • Try meditation.
  • Avoid stress.

6. Estrogen

Estrogen is the main female sex hormone. Any imbalance in estrogen levels in the body can lead to weight gain. High levels of estrogen in the body can be caused either by overproduction of the hormone or by a diet rich in estrogen.

When estrogen levels rise, insulin-producing cells experience stress. This makes you insulin resistant, causes your blood glucose to rise, and leads to weight gain.

Premenopausal women have lower estrogen levels. To replenish estrogen, the body begins to look for other sources that produce estrogen. One such source is fat cells. When estrogen levels fall, the body begins to convert all available energy sources into fat to replenish glucose levels. This leads to weight gain.

How to avoid it:

  • Eat whole grains, fresh vegetables, and fruits.
  • Avoid alcohol.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Avoid processed meats.

7. Leptin

Leptin is a hormone that regulates energy balance in the body, suppressing hunger. But when we eat foods rich in sugar, excess fructose is converted into fat, which is deposited in the liver, stomach, and other parts of the body. These fat cells secrete leptin.

With the release of more and more leptin, the body loses its sensitivity to it. This causes the brain to stop receiving signals to stop eating.

How to avoid it:

  • Avoid foods rich in sugar. Eat no more than 3 servings of fruit a day.
  • Eat dark green leafy vegetables.
  • Refuse processed foods.
  • Get enough sleep. 7-8 hours of daily sleep is recommended.
  • Stay hydrated!

8. Ghrelin

It is excreted mainly from the stomach. Ghrelin is known as the hunger hormone. Ghrelin stimulates the appetite and increases fat deposition. Ghrelin levels are also high when people follow a strict diet or fast.

How to avoid it:

  • Exercise regularly.
  • Eat every 2-3 hours.
  • Drink 1.5 glasses of water 20 minutes before eating.
  • Eat fresh fruits, vegetables, and foods rich in protein.

9. Melatonin

Melatonin is a hormone that regulates sleep and wakefulness. While we sleep, the body secretes growth hormones that help the body heal, improve body composition, and build muscle. But if we don’t get enough sleep, this healing process is disrupted, causing stress and ultimately leading to weight gain caused by inflammation.

How to avoid it:

  • Do not eat late at night or at bedtime.
  • Get enough sleep.
  • Sleep in a dark and cold room.
  • Turn off all gadgets before bed.

10. Glucocorticoids

Inflammation is the initial step in the healing process. However, chronic inflammation can lead to undesirable outcomes. And weight gain is one of them. Glucocorticoids help reduce inflammation. Glucocorticoids also regulate the use of sugars, fats, and proteins in the body. Glucocorticoids have also been found to improve fat breakdown and protein breakdown, but reduce the utilization of glucose or sugar as an energy source. Thus, blood sugar levels rise, leading to insulin resistance in the body. Insulin resistance, in turn, leads to obesity and even diabetes if left untreated.

How to avoid it:

  • Reduce physical and mental stress to reduce inflammation in the body.
  • Eat fresh, leafy vegetables, fruits, lean protein, and healthy fats like nuts, seeds, olive oil, fish oil,… to reduce inflammation.
  • Get 7-8 hours of sleep.
  • Drink 3-4 liters of water daily.
  • Exercise regularly to keep fit, mentally, and physically.

If you have read the whole article, then you probably already understand which hormone makes you gain weight.

Weight gain due to hormones can be really tricky, and you should be very careful while dealing with hormonal imbalances. Here’s a list of things you need to keep in mind.

– Don’t start treatment, because weight gain is a multifaceted problem and you should target the root cause of weight loss without harming your health.
– Talk to your doctor and do the necessary tests to find out if there is hormonal weight gain.
– If yes, whether one hormone is causing the weight gain or there are other hormones that stimulate it.


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