Orchids are among the favorite flowers not only for its beauty but also because of its comparative unpretentiousness. But an orchid is not a real home decoration when it is not blooming. However, in order to provide it with a constant flowering, however, there are certain conditions that we must provide to our beloved beauty. Proper care is the guarantor of colorful blooms.
How to make the orchid bloom?
Just follow these 9 rules for proper orchid care:
Rule 1: Age matters
Depending on the variety, the orchids bloom at a year and a half to three years. If there is no color, you should ask about the age of the plant: it may be too young to bloom. Age can be determined by the leaves. The plant, ready to bloom, has 5-8 leaves, while the young have fewer. If the orchid blooms before the time come, it may die: a young plant is most often unable to recover from early flowering.
Rule 2: Take care of the roots
Orchid roots are actively involved in the process of photosynthesis. Therefore, it is very important to provide them with enough natural light. This can be done if the orchid is planted not in a ceramic pot, but in a special transparent one, with enough drainage openings. This will allow the roots to grow without any problems. Better forget about pots with corrugated walls and sharp edges because they can damage the roots.
Rule 3: Do not move the flowerpot
Orchids don’t like it very much. Any change in lighting becomes stressful for the plant, after which it can stop growing. So, it is better not to move the pot with the orchid, unless absolutely necessary. And if there is no other way out, repeat the same type of lighting as accurately as possible. If the orchid will bloom, better not to move it.
Rule 4: Light is the life of the plant
Orchids are very demanding of light. It is desirable to place them on the sunny side. It is also desirable that the plant has not been in shade throughout the day. It is not always possible to fulfill these conditions, so it is better to use Phytolamps that will provide light to the orchid but will not dry the air around the flower and overheat it.
This is especially important if the orchid will bloom in winter or autumn. During this period, daylight hours are very short, so natural light is not sufficient. The Phytolamps will not allow the flower to dry or stop developing. If you cannot illuminate the whole plant, you can at least illuminate the top of flowering.
Rule 5: Proper watering
Watering orchids has its own peculiarities. In order to prevent rotting of the roots, it is necessary to water them, when the substrate completely dry – that is, approximately once every 10-12 days. Watering is not dependent on the age of the plant and the time of year, but you should remember that when the orchid is in bloom, you should water it once a month.
This is due to the fact that, under natural conditions, the seeds of the orchid must ripen and spread over several kilometers. And this is only possible in dry weather. If you create conditions close to your natural orchid and stop watering, it will bloom more often.
Also, remember that the plant must be watered more often before flowering and during the flowering period.
Rule 6: High-temperature drops cause damage to orchids
Orchids do not like the drop in temperature. They bloom better if the night temperature differs from daily temperature by no more than 4-6 degrees. In the warm season, the flower can stand on the balcony where nature itself will provide a comfortable temperature. And when it gets cold, it’s better to place it near the radiator.
The room in which the orchid is located should be ventilated.
Rule 7: Choose the right fertilizer
For better development and flowering, the orchid needs fertilization. Caliph fertilizers and phosphorus are ideal for this. Thanks to them, flower buds appear faster and flowers become healthier and more resistant. Additives based on nitrogen should not be used for orchids: it stops flowering and development.
Rule 8: Observe the humidity of the air
A very important point in growing orchids is enough moisture. This plant does not like dry air. Because of this, development can stop, the colors wither, as well as the unfurled buds. The optimum humidity is 60%. To do this, you need to place a plate of water near the flower, and on hot days just spray it.
Rule 9: Stress helps to blossom
Sometimes, even if all of the above conditions are present, the plant does not want to bloom. Paradoxically, the reason for this may be in too comfortable conditions. At that moment, the orchid directs all its force toward the growth of the leaves. To combat, you must create temporary stress on the orchid. You can put it in a cool room or give it a little water. In this way, you can quickly stimulate the flow.