Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a set of inflammatory conditions affecting the tissues surrounding the teeth. Bleeding is the first symptom of gingivitis that occurs when the amount of bacteria, organized into a biofilm on the tooth surface, causes inflammatory changes (and activation of the immune system) in the soft tissue that surrounds the teeth. Due to the swelling and change in the composition of the gingival connective tissue, it becomes more vulnerable, the capillary network multiplies and becomes more sensitive, and minimal soft tissue trauma is sufficient to cause thin capillaries to burst and blood flow.
Bleeding gums is a very common symptom and can say that from 10 people, two to three people will not have bleeding during a clinical examination. The bleeding that individuals notice is a sign of more severe inflammation and a severe form of periodontal tissue disease, often a form that engulfs deeper parts of the supporting tissue of the tooth.
How to Stop Bleeding Gums
Gingival bleeding is not easy to cure, as the professional intervention is almost always required in the form of plaque removal from the tooth surface and instructions on proper and atraumatic and maximally effective oral hygiene. It can be said freely that more than one visit to the dentist is required for the intervention in which the instruction and control of personal oral hygiene are performed.
Can bleeding gums be related to other problems?
Oral bleeding can have a number of causes, but it is most often performed in an inflammatory process caused by bacteria that normally live in the oral cavity, but if allowed to accumulate uncontrollably, they can trigger a host response that is manifested by inflammation, swelling, and gingival bleeding.
Any bleeding in the oral cavity should be the reason for your visit to the dentist, although it is most often done with inflammation caused by bleeding. On clinical examination, the dentist can determine the true cause of the appearance of blood in the oral cavity.
Choosing the Best Toothbrush
More than a good toothbrush, proper and atraumatic but effective brushing can completely prevent the development of inflammation of the supporting dental appliance. So the correct answer to this question is actually how you use that brush. The toothbrush technique, brush position, and pressure applied during brushing greatly determine the effect of personal oral hygiene.
The first thing to keep in mind when choosing a toothbrush is its size. A large brush will prevent efficient movements, and a small brush will require more movement. The smallest sized ones are pink and have a diameter of 0.4mm and the widest brush is black and measures 1.5mm. Another element to keep in mind is the fibers of the brush. They may not be too hard or too soft, but it’s important that they fit in the brush itself. Ideally, there are many (for an average brush size larger than 4,500 fibers) and rounded at their tips to minimize trauma when brushing.
As for toothpaste, choose the ones that give a sense of cleanliness, freshness, and hygiene. With the exception of some types of toothpaste that have clinically proven therapeutic action, toothpaste should generally be chosen in accordance with comfort and personal preference. Toothpaste to be used with caution are those that have bleaching effects (are highly abrasive and can have a negative effect on enamel and dentin) and those that require expert advice (mainly chlorhexidine-containing pastes).
Proper oral hygiene
Proper oral hygiene is considered to be a thorough brushing of the teeth with a soft and thick toothbrush twice daily and floss once a day. Only regular and proper oral hygiene can prevent tooth decay and inflammatory periodontal changes such as gingivitis and periodontitis.
A hard toothbrush can damage enamel and gums and, consequently, cause the extinction of the gums (gingival recession). The development of science, especially periodontology, has led to new insights. Today’s view is that the toothbrush should be soft, moreover ultra-soft so as not to damage the dental tissues and cause gums to fall.
Good oral hygiene is especially important for pregnant women. Hormone fluctuations during pregnancy can also trigger gum disease and bleeding gums.