Stomach flu is a viral infection that can affect anyone. It causes an upset stomach, usually accompanied by diarrhea and vomiting.
In general, this disease is successfully treated.
But there are certain people who are at greater risk.
There are also situations where this can lead to complications and require medical monitoring.
Stomach flu, also known as viral gastroenteritis, is an inflammation of the stomach and intestines caused by viruses. There are many types of viruses that can cause this infection.
Among the most important, for example:
- Rotavirus: This virus is a particularly common cause of viral gastroenteritis in children.
- Norovirus is the cause of most intestinal infections in adults.
- Adenovirus: Causes mainly bowel flu in children under two years of age. This virus usually causes more complex symptoms than previous ones.
The infection goes from person to person. The virus can be detected in the faeces and vomiting of affected people. Especially, you are most likely to contract viral gastroenteritis when you eat or drink contaminated food or water, or if you share utensils, towels or food with someone who is infected.
So these are the symptoms of viral gastroenteritis (or Stomach flu)
As the name suggests, the infection causes symptoms similar to any flu. Includes fever, headache, muscle aches, fatigue. In addition, there are more specific to the digestive system, such as:
- Poor digestion
In addition, dehydration is the most important complication of this condition. Especially if you have vomiting and diarrhea. You must be prepared for certain symptoms that may indicate severe dehydration, such as:
- Reducing the number and amount of urination
The duration of symptoms varies depending on the type of virus and the person who is infected. Symptoms are usually present within 3-7 days.
The most vulnerable groups are children, the elderly and people with impaired immune systems. Their symptoms may be more severe and longer than an adult who was previously healthy.
Treatment of Stomach Flu
Stomach flu has no special treatment. As already mentioned, the virus is eventually eliminated from the body and the symptoms disappear spontaneously after a few days.
Common symptoms such as fever or muscle pain can be treated with conventional analgesics and antipyretic drugs. But the most important thing is to prevent complications such as dehydration. It is very important for the patient to drink more water.
What to Eat and Avoid When You Have the Stomach Flu
It is recommended that the diet be based on foods rich in water. For example, such as cream soups, mashed potatoes, soups, juices and more.
If necessary, the patient should receive an additional supply of water and sugar. It is important to take small sips constantly, especially after any vomiting or diarrhea.
- Avoid very fatty or sugary foods as well as foods high in fiber.
- Avoid alcohol, caffeine, and sodas.
As the symptoms disappear, all ordinary foods gradually return to the diet.