With the onset of the coronavirus in China and far beyond its borders, more and more people are panicking when they experience fever or other disease-causing symptoms. Even the distinction between cold and flu is difficult for the masses of people around the world, as symptoms often overlap.
Often a visit to the doctor is impossible due to the dramatically worsened condition, and still, most of us prefer to self-medicate instead of visiting a doctor. Today we will talk more about the various viral infections, as well as the symptoms that help us distinguish them from one another:
Flu or influenza (also known in the past as a Spanish disease) is an acute infectious disease, one of the most contagious infections.
Coronaviruses (nCoV), on the other hand, are a large family of viruses that cause diseases ranging from a mild cold to more severe illnesses, such as Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS-CoV) and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV).
Currently, a new coronavirus (nCoV) is emerging in China. It is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans.
Coronaviruses are zoonotic, meaning they are transmitted between animals and people. Detailed investigations have found that SARS-CoV-2 and MERS-CoV are transmitted from animals to humans. Several known coronaviruses circulate only in animals and have not yet passed on to humans.
Influenza and coronavirus infections are similar in appearance but also different.
How To Find Out The Exact Illness Of A Person?
China’s new virus, which infects the lungs, is actually easy to confuse with the flu.
Here are the common symptoms of infection:
- dry cough
- Lack of air
The less common symptoms are headache, sputum, disorder.
Atypical symptoms are runny nose and sore throat, which are characteristic of inflammation of the upper respiratory tract. People who have a runny nose and sneeze are likely to have a cold or flu
What is the difference between a coronavirus infection and a cold/flu? Patients do not catch a cold because the virus directly affects the lower respiratory tract.
Method of infection: Flu viruses are highly virulent. This means that even in small quantities, they can already cause the onset of influenza.
How to distinguish Chinese coronavirus?
Unlike flu, coronaviruses are not very contagious; most people have an immune system resistant to infection.
Flu has a short incubation period of one to two days. During this time, even without showing signs of the disease, the person infected with the flu himself is very contagious and remains so for one week.
What’s the difference with Coronavirus? Its incubation period is from 2 to 14 days. How long people remain infected before the onset of the disease is still unclear. How long they remain contagious after the onset of the first symptoms is also unclear.
It is also important to know that masks in the mouth and nose cannot protect against infection, as viruses, including the new coronavirus, are transmitted by droplets or by contact with contaminated surfaces.
Therefore, the best prevention is to stay away from people who are infected, to wash your hands regularly and with soap.
Flu or cold? The differences are small.
A cold most often begins with a sore throat, runny nose, and then a cough. The patient may have a little fever, headache, and fatigue.
The real flu, however, plagues the person at once. Headaches and joint pains, dry cough, and hoarseness, sore throat, fever up to 41 degrees, often accompanied by chills.
A person is so tired that he or she cannot get out of bed at all, has no appetite, and can sleep all the time.
The common cold goes away in a few days and the symptoms go away in about a week. However, the real flu is more prolonged, it takes the patient out of action for a minimum of one week and sometimes longer.
Are antibiotics needed and when?
Most colds and flu are caused by viruses that are not helped by antibiotics. Antibiotics support the body’s defense system.
They kill bacteria and limit their spread by attacking the cell wall or metabolizing pathogens.
The use of antibiotics is imperative if the bacteria have already invaded the body and started to multiply.
This can cause inflammation or permanent damage to the internal organs. Inflammation of the lungs, tonsils, bladder or brain mucosa is usually caused by bacteria. In these cases, the administration of antibiotics is imperative.