In the last few days, the world has panicked over the emergence of a new, hitherto unknown virus – the coronavirus. The coronavirus first appeared in China, in the city of Wuhan, from where it began to spread to the rest of the world. Outside China, cases of coronavirus infection have been reported in Thailand, Japan, Taiwan, South Korea, the Philippines, and the US.
The coronavirus is reportedly related to the SARS virus that causes mortality in every tenth person. According to the latest data, more than 570 people have been infected with the virus, and 17 have died as a result of the infection.
Symptoms of virus infection include fever, coughing and difficulty breathing. So far, not enough information has been collected to understand the transmission and clinical manifestations of the new virus.
It is suspected that the coronavirus first appeared in animals and probably spread to humans.
The virus can be transmitted from human to human or animal to human, so it is very important to follow the precautionary measures issued by the World Health Organization.
Because it is a new, hitherto unknown virus, there is still no vaccine for the coronavirus. The World Health Organization (WHO) has issued precautions to help people protect themselves against coronaviruses by:
- wearing a mask over the mouth in case of infection
- Avoiding close contact with people suffering from acute respiratory infections
- avoiding close contact with domestic and wild animals in areas affected by the virus
- washing hands frequently, especially after direct contact with sick people and staying in their surroundings
- heat treatment of meat and eggs
- putting on a handkerchief when sneezing and coughing
In case of symptoms that indicate respiratory illness before, during, or after the trip, WHO suggests travelers seek medical attention.
Prevention is the key to everything, so experts warn that you should regularly wash your hands and keep yourself safe from the coronavirus in the same way as you treat seasonal illnesses.