Polycystic ovary syndrome is a disorder caused by hormonal imbalance and is one of the most common diagnoses in gynecology. As the doctors explain, the polycystic ovaries themselves are not ovaries with cysts, but ovaries that are slightly larger in volume than normal, and a large number of small follicles are visualized ultrasound, which is why they are said to be polycystic.
Although this disorder is very common around it, there is still a lot of uncertainty as it is a very different combination of symptoms with different changes in laboratory analyzes. Therefore, the next few facts every woman should know.
Symptoms of polycystic ovaries
“This syndrome is different in relation to a woman’s age, so at a young age, the most common problem is irregular menstruation, lack of ovulation, problems with excess weight, although this syndrome may also be present in very thin people, problems with acne and coma. Sometimes it is very complex and also includes metabolic problems, insulin resistance, hair loss. Later, it can cause infertility problems and cause major problems with metabolic and other endocrinological complications, “experts explain.
Depression and high blood pressure indicate polycystic ovaries
And as if all of the above symptoms are not enough, depression in women with polycystic ovaries is more likely to occur due to hormonal imbalance and the effects of the disease. Women suffering from depression or low mood due to polycystic ovary syndrome are advised to consult a psychologist or psychiatrist. Other symptoms include dandruff, high blood pressure, and some deeper voice.
It is difficult to diagnose
There is no one search that can identify polycystic ovary syndrome and this is certainly an important reason why many women suffer without knowing what to do. Most doctors confirm the diagnosis of polycystic ovaries when a woman has two or more symptoms, such as ovarian cysts, irregular ovulation, and a high level of androgen hormones.
“The gold standard for diagnosing polycystic ovaries is clinical imaging, ultrasound, and laboratory testing that include hormone analysis.”
Diet is a very important factor
Overweight and obesity exacerbate the symptoms of polycystic ovaries as they increase blood insulin levels. On the other hand, polycystic ovary syndrome is characterized by a craving for fatty foods and carbohydrates.
Therefore, it is recommended to consume carbohydrates from fruits and vegetables, then intake of healthy proteins from legumes, nuts, fresh fish and eggs, as well as intake of healthy fats from olive oil and seeds. Healthy fats regulate insulin sensitivity well and are found in avocados, nuts, seeds, white meat, eggs. It is also advised to completely eliminate all processed foods full of additives and alcohol from the diet.
“The most important prevention and therapy measures are proper nutrition, which should eliminate concentrated sugars and reduce carbohydrate dominance, and regular physical activity.”
Medication can help
There are many medicines that can be prescribed, from the introduction of contraceptive pills, hormones, then insulin sensitizers and inositol.
“These medications are given strictly individually, depending on what is the dominant symptom and problem in a particular patient.”
Other diseases that can be caused by polycystic ovaries
If left untreated, polycystic ovary syndrome can have a negative impact on health later in life. Some of the diseases that can be triggered are heart problems, type 2 diabetes, and endometrial cancer.