Do you often feel tired or suffer from peptic ulcer? If yes, you are probably suffering from folic acid deficiency!
What is folic acid?
In essence, it is a vitamin B9. It is a water-soluble vitamin, that is, it is not stored in the body. As a result, our body constantly needs nutrients rich in this substance.
Listed below are some of the functions of Vitamin B9:
- it is required for the production of red blood cells
- regulates normal cell division
- synthesizes amino acids
- metabolizes homocysteine
- promotes the normal functioning of the immune system
- helps reduce fatigue
- is responsible for tissue growth and cell function
- it is also essential for the proper functioning of the brain and plays a crucial role in mental and
- emotional well-being.
Folic acid work with vitamin C and vitamin B12, helping to degradation and transformation of proteins and helps to prevent anemia.
Folic acid deficiency. Main reasons
The main reason for the shortage is an unbalanced diet low in fresh vegetables and fruits.
Diseases such as Crohn’s disease and celiac disease, which affect the absorption of vitamin B9 in the gastrointestinal tract, can cause folic acid deficiency.
Side effects of drugs
Some medicines, such as sulfasalazine, phenytoin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, cause folic acid deficiency.
Excessive consumption of alcohol
Alcohol interferes with the absorption of vitamin B9 and increases its excretion through urine.
Oral contraceptive pills
Studies have shown that oral contraceptives interfere with the absorption of vitamin B9 from food.
Symptoms of Vitamin B9 Deficiency
Folic acid deficiency is common in a very large number of people. Here are some common symptoms:
• Exhaustion and rapid fatigue
• Mouth ulcers
• Stomach ulcers
• Swelling of the tongue
• Symptoms due to anemia caused by the lack of folic acid are associated with low oxygen levels in the lungs.
• Gastrointestinal diseases such as diarrhea, constipation
• Red, sensitive and painful tongue
• Pale skin
Diagnosis of folic acid deficiency:
A possible folic acid deficiency can be diagnosed with a simple blood test.
Certain complications can occur with folic acid deficiency as it is necessary for the normal production of red blood cells.
Severe deficiency can lead to megaloblastic anemia, a condition in which red blood cells are not fully developed and larger than normal.
Deficiency can also lead to a decrease in platelet counts and white blood cells.
How to Get Folic Acid Through Food |
Vitamin B9 is found in the following foods: citrus fruits, vegetables, peas and beans, leafy greens, spinach and broccoli, melons and bananas, as well as tomatoes, mushrooms, and asparagus.
Important: All information provided here is for informational purposes only and does not replace consultation, diagnosis or professional medical care. If you have a health problem, consult a specialist immediately.