The occurrence of bruises is occasionally inevitable, but if this happens to you quite often and you cannot find out where they appear, you may need to read the following lines:
How bruises appear
Any type of traumatic injury, such as a fall, can cause tearing of the capillaries (small blood vessels) from which the red blood cells infuse beneath the surface of the skin.
This causes purple or blue-black spots on the skin.
They are technically called “bruises” or “blues”; they can be caused by virtually any injury to the blood vessels in the skin.
As the body begins to heal and metabolize blood cells, the bruise usually turns green, yellow, or brown until it disappears completely.
The occurrence of bruises from time to time is almost inevitable, but if you have them often enough and cannot find out where they came from, then it is important to understand the cause.
You may have just hit your arm or leg and forgot about it, but the reason may be quite different.
Why bruises appear on our skin so easily: 8 troubling causes.
With age, the skin loses some of the protective oily layer, which, like a pillow, protects us from bumps and falls. In addition, the skin becomes thinner as collagen production slows down.
2. Blood disorders
Blood disorders such as hemophilia and leukemia can cause unexplained bruises, usually because the blood does not clot properly.
If you often have severe and unexplained bruises, you should consult a doctor to turn off such disorders, especially if they suddenly begin to appear.
People with diabetes can have dark pigmentation spots, often in places where the skin comes in contact with other parts of the body.
These spots can be confused with bruises, but are actually due to insulin resistance.
4. Excessive stress in training
Excessive muscle tension, such as when lifting weights, can lead to rupture of blood vessels and bruises. Bruising can also be caused by microscopic tears in muscle tissue.
In addition, if you exercise or do vigorous exercise, you may experience bruises and minor injuries that cause injuries.
5. Some medicines
Medicines such as aspirin, anticoagulants, and antiplatelet drugs reduce blood coagulation and increase the likelihood of a bruise.
And drugs like aspirin, prednisone, prednisolone, oral contraceptives, and more can also weaken blood vessels, increasing the likelihood of injury.
If you have close relatives who receive bruises easily, then you may also be prone to this (although there are usually steps that can be taken to avoid this potential genetic tendency).
7. Purple dermatitis
This vascular disease, more common in the elderly, results in the appearance of thousands of tiny bruises, most often on the lower legs – from afar they appear to be sprinkled with red pepper. The bruises are the result of blood leaking from the small capillaries.
8. Sun damage
Although the body needs sun exposure to produce Vitamin D (and to obtain additional nutrients), excessive sun exposure, especially when it results in burns, can result in loss of elasticity and firmness of the skin.
This, in turn, facilitates the appearance of bruises and makes them more visible.