Fibroadenoma is the most common benign tumor formation in the breast. It occurs in 15-28% of women and is usually diagnosed between 25-35 years.
Fibroadenoma is a hormone-sensitive tumor that can be dependent on menstrual disorders and contraceptive intake and can grow rapidly during pregnancy.
Its dimensions are most often about 1-2 cm, with a tendency to decrease with increasing age.
With rapid growth – (juvenile) fibroadenomas, lack of control, and after 40 years of age enucleation (surgery) is performed.
What is fibroadenoma?
Fibroadenomas are solid, single tumors (lumps) unfixed to surrounding tissues. They are formed by the enlargement of the connective tissue and the epithelium of the mammary gland and are considered a deviation from their normal development. The causes are unknown, hypersensitivity to estrogens is suggested.
Symptoms of fibroadenoma
Fibroadenomas do not cause any complaints. They are usually accidentally discovered on a review. They feel like rolling, single lumps.
How to make a diagnosis?
Carefully interview and review by a specialist.
Question about age, number of children, age at first birth, whether there is a pain, change in size, attitude to a menstrual cycle.
Used mammography and ultrasound. If a malignant process is suspected, a biopsy or surgery to remove the lump and examine it is suggested.
What is the treatment of fibroadenoma
Treatment for fibroadenoma is the same as treatment for breast cancer. Most patients require surgical removal of the lump with local anesthesia. Non-surgical monitoring is recommended for women under 20 years of age.
If left without surgery, fibroadenoma increases in size by 1-3 cm for about 5 years, after which its size remains constant or even decreases.
Fibroadenoma re-development after its removal is unusual.