Deficiency occurs when there is not enough iron in the body responsible for the production of hemoglobin – a protein in red blood cells that allows them to carry oxygen in the body. Lack of hemoglobin causes ineffective work on muscles and tissues and leads to anemia.
Here are the symptoms of low levels of iron:
1 – Unusual fatigue:
When there is no hemoglobin in our body, it contributes less oxygen to our muscles and tissues, resulting in fatigue.
Fatigue is considered to be very normal in our daily lives, so sometimes it may be more difficult to distinguish normal fatigue from iron deficiency symptoms.
However, people with iron deficiency will also experience:
- Low energy levels
- Difficult concentration
- Lower performance
2 – Pale skin:
Hemoglobin in our red blood cells is what gives our skin a healthy, pink color. Because of the lack of iron, the human body can not produce enough hemoglobin, which leads to pale skin. Regardless of the tone of the skin, if the lips, gums, fingernails and lower eyelids are less red than usual, low iron content may be the cause.
3 – Shortness of breath/chest pain:
Shortness of breath or chest pain, especially in activity, is another symptom of iron deficiency. Due to the fact that hemoglobin is restricted in red blood cells, the oxygen that is distributed to the rest of the body is low. In this way, our body tries to compensate and produce more oxygen for our organs to function properly, resulting in shortness of breath in the organs.
4 – Dizziness and headache:
Lack of iron can cause headaches or migraines. This is due to the fact that the brain does not reach enough oxygen, causing swelling of the blood vessels, causing pressure that causes headaches or migraines.
In addition, people with iron deficiency may experience dizziness. When the level of hemoglobin drops or stays low, the body becomes desperate for oxygen, causing these physical symptoms. Dizziness results from lack of oxygen in the brain or from low blood pressure due to oxygen deficiency in the blood vessels.
5 – Heartburn:
This is because low hemoglobin levels mean that the heart needs to work harder to carry oxygen to the rest of the body. This can lead to unusual heartbeat or the feeling that your heart beats fast. In extreme cases, this can lead to heart failure.
6 – Damage to the hair and skin:
The skin and hair become dry. It is known that the lack of a protein called ferritin causes these problems because it is essential for the process of storing and releasing iron in all parts of the body over time.
7 – Inflammation of the tongue and mouth:
Looking inside our mouths can give us many clues about our health. The deficiency of iron is one of them. For example, if the tongue appears swollen, inflamed or discolored, this is an indication of iron deficiency. In our body, we have a protein called myoglobin, which is iron and oxygen-binding protein found in the muscle tissue of the tongue. Lower levels of myoglobin can cause inflammation, flatulence, and swelling of the tongue.
Also, iron levels in the blood can lead to the fall of dopamine, a chemical in our brain that acts as an ambassador between the brain and the nervous system to help the brain regulate and coordinate the movement of our body.
If the nerve cells are damaged, the amount of dopamine in the brain decreases, resulting in muscle spasms and painful cramps. Dopamine levels naturally fall towards the end of the day, which can explain why symptoms are often worse at night and night.
Always talk to your doctor before starting or stopping supplements such as iron. They can advise whether you should take, whether it is safe and what dose you should take.