Glaucoma is a disease that borders on a verdict. Unfortunately, it is transmitted by heritage, and we must regularly monitor the eye pressure to make sure that we eventually catch it in the early stages.
With the right medicines, the process can be slow, even stopped.
What is glaucoma? It is a complex eye disease that causes damage to the optic nerve and leads to loss of vision.
There are two most common types of glaucoma: open-angle and closed-angle.
The first condition occurs quite frequently and occurs as a result of obstruction of the drainage channels of the eye, leading to an increase in ocular pressure and damage to the optic nerve.
In this type of glaucoma, a wide angle is formed between the iris and the cornea. It develops very slowly and the symptoms may remain unnoticed for a long time.
The second type of glaucoma is a less common form. As a result, the drainage channels are blocked due to a sudden increase in intraocular pressure. In this type of glaucoma, the angle between the iris and the cornea is narrow or closed and immediate medical attention is needed.
The risk of developing glaucoma in humans is increased by the following factors:
- 1. With age.
- 2. If your parents have suffered from glaucoma.
- 3. The presence of cardiovascular disease or diabetes.
Here are the 6 major signs of glaucoma.
1. Severe headache and eye pain.
These are the two main signs of glaucoma that are worth highlighting. This eye disease often has no early symptoms. However, with the development of glaucoma with a closed angle, the eye pressure rapidly increases and as a result of damage to the optic nerve, the head begins to hurt. Therefore, in such a symptom, it is necessary to consult a specialist who will diagnose your condition.
2. Foggy or blurred vision
The sight is disturbed, its sharpness is missing, which makes it impossible to see small details. Blurred vision may occur in either or both eyes. This condition is accompanied by redness of the eyes or headaches, which are also symptoms of glaucoma. So do not ignore such things and visit an ophthalmologist.
3. The appearance of colored rings around the light source
This is also one of the main signs of glaucoma. Light is vital to our vision. We see the surrounding objects once the light has come into both eyes. Sometimes, however, the specific way we see light can be the result of vision problems.
This symptom of glaucoma is caused by light that passes through water or the surface of the eye, creating its own spectral colors. As a result, you feel uncomfortable, sniffing, you have the desire to look back when you try to focus objects in too bright light. To prevent these symptoms, wear sunglasses.
4. Nausea or vomiting
Nausea, vomiting, and headache. When everything happens at the same time, it is very difficult to handle. If this condition is repeated periodically, you should consult your doctor and check the health of your eyes.
5. Sudden loss of vision
This is a serious medical symptom. Sudden loss of vision may occur in one or both eyes, but this does not mean complete blindness. This may be a loss of central vision or sudden blurring of objects. This may take several seconds, minutes, or hours. However, it can become permanent if you do not take swift action. In fact, this is the most obvious sign of glaucoma.
6. Red eyes
When this happens, the eyes look red and inflamed, because the blood vessels on the surface of the eye are further bloody. Such a recurrent inflammation should indicate that something with your eyes is wrong.